Ring and Pinion Gear Calculator

Enter your original tire size and gear ratio into the form below along with your new tire size to find your recommended ring and pinion gear ratio.

OEM Tire Diameter:
OEM Gear Ratio:
New Tire Diameter:
New Gear Ratio:

(Round your result up or down to the nearest standard gear ratio below.)

NEW! - Need help with this calculator? Check out the new comments section below!

Axle Parts

Gear Ratio Calculation Basics

Your axle gear ratio determines how many times your driveshaft needs to rotate in order to complete one full tire rotation (a 3.73 gear ratio requires 3.73 driveshaft rotations to turn your tires 360 degrees). Gear ratios have an effect on power, fuel efficiency, engine RPMs, and speedometer readings, so when you change tires sizes, up or down, keep in mind that these things will be impacted. While a small change in tire size may have almost no effect on your vehicle, installing 37" tires on a truck that originally came with 31" tires will result in a feeling of less power, lower operating RPMs, and a speedometer that is off by a few percent. Changing to a numerically higher gear ratio, as calculated below, will correct these problems.

[ (New Tire Size / Original Tire Size) x Original Gear Ratio ] = [ (37" / 31") x 3.73 ] = [ 4.452 ] = [ 4.30 or 4.56 ]

Popular OEM and Aftermarket Gear Ratios

2.73 3.08 4.09-4.11 5.13
3.27 4.30 5.38
3.31 4.56
3.42 4.88

For a complete list of gears available for your vehicle, visit the Filthy Motorsports Drivetrain Shop.

Gear Ratio Effective Change Chart

Another helpful tool for deciding on a new gear ratio is this gear ratio effective difference chart. Start by finding your current gear ratio along the top row and then work your way down the column to find the effective difference of other gear ratios.

A 5% difference signifies a very small change and it is generally not worth the cost and effort to change gear ratios for such a minor difference. A 10% to 15% change will be noticeable and a 20% to 30% change will be significant. A negative percentage indicates a reduction in engine RPM as a result of the gear ratio change and a positive percentage will cause an increase in engine RPM.

Gear Ratio Effective Change

To use this chart properly, drive the vehicle for a few weeks under all normal conditions and keep a journal of the current and desired RPM at all speeds. Then, calculate the differences across the range and determine what percentage change is needed. Keep in mind that the percentage will likely be different between low and high speeds so you will need to decide where that change is needed most or if a balance between the two is better.

Helpful Gear Changing Tips

Other Ring and Pinion Gear Resources

Engine RPM Calculator
Gear Ratio Calculator
Ring and Pinion Setup Specs
Thick Gears and Carrier Breaks
3.55 and 4.10 Gears Variations
Differential Locker Comparison

Filthy Motorsports

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Street Legal Laws

To find the street legal laws for your state including maximum suspension lift heights and tire size rules visit LiftLaws.com